TIPS

REFERENCING

What is referencing?            

Referencing is an acknowledgement of the sources of the information, ideas, thoughts and data, which you have used in your work.

Referencing requires you to acknowledge your source in two places:

  • an in-text citation in the main body of your text

  • a full reference in the list of references at the end of your work

Why should you reference?

Referencing is the accepted way to acknowledge other people's work when you have used it in your own writing or have been influenced by it. Your tutors and examiners will require you to reference in your work and to be accurate, clear and consistent in how you do this. Referencing your work can also help you to:

  • demonstrate that you have researched and read around the subject that you are writing about

  • provide evidence for and add authority to your arguments

  • allow any reader of your work to trace the original material you used

  • give credit to the original author/creator

  • avoid plagiarism

You are expected to reference whenever you refer to or use someone else's work in your work. This applies in your dissertations, assignments, class or seminar presentations and any other work. Do not repeat or copy and paste information from any source (including the internet) into your work without referencing it. This is plagiarism. You can quote a limited amount of someone else's work, as long as you present it as a quote, acknowledge the source in your text and reference it properly.

You should reference any kind of material that you use: books, journal articles, conference papers, papers on the internet, lecture notes, blog posts, etc. It is important when you are doing your research, to keep records of all the resources you have used. If you don't, it can be difficult to find the resources again later, in order to reference them properly. Reference management software, such as RefWorks may help you to manage this. You should always reference the version of an information resource, which you have actually used. For example, a journal or newspaper article may appear in print and on a web site and these two versions may be slightly different.

PLAGIARISM

One of the most common types of publication misconduct is plagiarism–when one author deliberately uses another's work without permission, credit, or acknowledgment. Plagiarism takes different forms, from literal copying to paraphrasing some else's work and can include:

Literal Copying

Reproducing a work word for word, in whole or in part, without permission and acknowledgment of the original source.

Literal copying is only acceptable if you reference the source and put quotation marks around the copied text.

  • keep track of sources you used while researching and where you used it in your paper

  • make sure you fully acknowledge and properly cite the original source in your paper

Paraphrasing

Reproducing someone else's ideas while not copying word for word, without permission and acknowledgment of the original source.

Paraphrasing is only acceptable if you properly reference the source and make sure that you do not change the meaning intended by the source.

  • make sure that you understand what the original author means

  • never copy and paste words that you do not fully understand

  • think about how the essential ideas of the source relate to your own work, until you can deliver the information to others without referring to the source

Each submitted paper for publication in the NORDSCI Conference proceedings will go under check for plagiarism and if accepted will be published in the proceedings.

Remark: Paper with more than 15 references will be forwarded to the authors for correction, in order to reduce the number of the references. If not references will be automatically decreased to 15.

QUOTING REFERENCE EXAMPLE

YOUR PAPER TEXT HERE

Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here [1]. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here [1]. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here.

Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here [2]. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here [1], [4]. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here.

Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here [2]. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here. Your paper text here [3], [4]. Your paper text here. Your paper text here.

REFERENCES / Maximum 15 references for 8 paged article. Maximum 15 % self citing is allowed.

[1] Author N.A. & Author N.B. Investigating of …….. complete title of the paper, International Scientific Event, Country, 1999, pp 45-51;

[2] Author N.A. & Author N.B. Optimal control of …….. complete title of the paper, International Scientific Event, Country, vol. 3, pp 185-193, 2000.

[3] Author N.A. & Author N.B. Optimal control of …….. complete title of the paper, Book/Scientific Journal, Country, vol. 1/issue 6, pp 9-10, 2005.

[4] Author N.A. & Author N.B. Optimal control of …….. complete title of the paper, Book/Scientific Journal, Country, vol. 1/issue 6, pp 9-10, 2010.