NORDSCI International Conference 2021, Book 1

Education and educational research


Prof. Dr. Martina Blašková, Dr. Hideyuki Kokubo, Dominika Tumová, Dr. Rudolf Blaško


Trust is an important element of the learning processes and overall academic achievement of university students. It represents the highly sensitive domain of the intrapsychic life of each student. The paper states the original premise that trust or distrust respectively can be specifically related to anomalous psychical experience. As some paranormal experiences can be evoked by physical or chemical stimuli such as electric pulse to the brain and mental drags, for example, DMT (N, N-dimethyltryptamine), paranormal experiences are based on people’s physiological system chiefly, not only psychological factors such as belief. In this view, trust can be considered as one of the most important impulses as well as a consequence of the perceived anomalous experience of the student. But trust as one of the crucial sub-elements of higher education is not related to paranormal phenomena. Trying to face this challenge, the paper has the ambition to enrich the scientific basis of higher education through performing research supported by relevant hypotheses and an empirical survey. Based on the analysis, synthesis, comparison, generalization, induction and deduction of theory, completed by results of the quantitative survey, the aim of the paper is to search and confirm potential relations between the trust and unusual psychic experience of higher education students. Targeted experiences are specifically examined in two geographically different countries: Japan as a representative of specific Asian countries, and Slovakia as a representative of specific (Slavic) Central Europe countries. For the paper, two hypotheses are formulated: H1: Paranormal experiences have not relevant influence on the student distrust; H2: There exist only small differences between Japan and Slovak respondents’ expressions in the field. The survey, participated by 405 Japan and 443 Slovak university students, confirms that the most frequent experience in both countries is déjà vu (76.79% of Japan and 87.84% of Slovak respondents). Applied Chi-Square Test and Product-Moment Correlation reveal that the searched forms of paranormal experiences do not call-up the negative form of trust, i.e. distrust. Also, only unimportant differences in perceived anomalousness exist between university students of chosen two countries. In this way, both hypotheses are considered to be confirmed. From the perspective of recommendations, assistance and belonging, providing anonymous psychological consulting, applying motivational educational methods and techniques can encouragingly act on student trust and learning.


Trust, distrust, anomalous/paranormal experience, learning, students


NORDSCI International Conference 2021, Book 1, Conference Proceedings, ISSN 2603-4107, ISBN 978-619-7495-14-0, TRUST, LEARNING AND ANOMALOUS EXPERIENCE OF JAPAN AND SLOVAK UNIVERSITY STUDENTS, 161-174 pp, DOI paper 10.32008/NORDSCI2021/B1/V4/15