NORDSCI Conference proceedings 2018, Book 1

Language and Linguistics

PHILOSOPHICAL DISCOURSE OF F. BACON AS THE REFLECTION OF PHILOSOPHICAL TRADITIONS OF RENAISSANCE EPOCH

Prof. Zinaida Fomina, Assoc. Prof. Irina Lavrinenko, Assoc. Prof. Victoria Kozlova

ABSTRACT

The article concerns analysis of philosophical maxims in the discourse of F. Bacon – one of the most outstanding scientists of Renaissance epoch, the founder of English empiricism. The research was conducted on the results of linguistic analysis of the greatest philosophical works of F. Bacon – the treatises “The Essays and Counsels Civil and Moral”, “The Great Instauration”, “The New Organon”.
It has been revealed that F. Bacon focused his attention on two basic components of human nature: intellectual and sensual. The philosopher demonstrated his keen interest in speculations and description of such intellectual phenomena as intellect, mind, sense, understanding, induction, paramount importance was attributed to determination of nature of mind and its significance for man. The philosophy of F. Bacon emphasizes the effectiveness of rational approach to life, based on the laws of natural philosophy and deductive method. According to F. Bacon, it is the correct work of mind and effective application of knowledge that are prone to be real instruments of investigations that will lead to great scientific discoveries. The core idea of F. Bacon`s philosophy is well represented by his saying: “Scientia est potentia”.
The sensual maxims of the philosophy of F. Bacon are represented by such emphatic phenomena as love, joy, happiness, hate, fear, anger and others. The specific combination of intellectual and emotional component of nature of man composes special moral-and-ethical base that contributes to development of effective scientific, social, industrial, artistic, spiritual spheres of life and provide prosperity and happiness of whole society.

KEYWORDS

philosophical discourse, intellect, emotion, F. Bacon.

REFERENCE

NORDSCI Conference Proceedings 2018 Book 1, Conference Proceedings, ISSN 2603-4107, ISBN 978-619-7495-00-3, PHILOSOPHICAL DISCOURSE OF F. BACON AS THE REFLECTION OF PHILOSOPHICAL TRADITIONS OF RENAISSANCE EPOCH, 291-299 pp, DOI paper 10.32008/nordsci2018/B1/V1/33