NORDSCI Conference proceedings 2018, Book 1

Education and educational research

META-SYNTHESIS OF QUALITATIVE STUDIES: BACKGROUND, METHODOLOGY AND APPLICATIONS

Assist. Prof. Jan Chrastina

ABSTRACT

Primarily focused on answering questions about why and how, this qualitative research relates to human beings and behaviour and could bring understanding of socially constructed phenomena, including people`s needs, experiences, behaviour, motives, desires and expectations.
Meta-synthesis is an important method that provides valuable insights into the qualitative research area. The methodological paper aims to describe both the main conceptual background and the creation process of meta-synthesis (according to individual steps/phases) in the field of social science and educational research.
The content of the paper includes the description of the 7-step procedure’s preparation (deciding the phenomenon of interest; deciding what is relevant; careful reading and re-reading: translating studies into one another; synthesizing the translation; expressing the synthesis), checklists for validation of the conclusions/findings obtained from analytical process (QUARI: the Qualitative Appraisal and the Review Instrument; CASP: Clinical Appraisal Skills Program in particular), and the SPIDER model: comprehensive search, appraisal of reports of qualitative primary studies, classification of studies, and findings synthesis. Methods of studying relevant literature (scientific articles), a content analysis and a critical comparison of knowledge were used. The output is presented as a short methodological review focused on the meta-synthesis method application to social sciences and educational research activities.

KEYWORDS

meta-synthesis, qualitative approach, methodology, checklist, 7-step procedure’s preparation, social science research

REFERENCE

NORDSCI Conference Proceedings 2018 Book 1, Conference Proceedings, ISSN 2603-4107, ISBN 978-619-7495-00-3, META-SYNTHESIS OF QUALITATIVE STUDIES: BACKGROUND, METHODOLOGY AND APPLICATIONS, 121-129 pp, DOI paper 10.32008/nordsci2018/B1/V1/13