NORDSCI Conference proceedings 2018, Book 1

Language and Linguistics

FUNCTIONAL PECULIARITIES OF THE VERB TĂJTƗ/TÄJTƗ ‘HAVE’ IN NORTHERN KHANTY DIALECTS (KAZYM, SHURYSHKAR AND PRIURAL)

Assoc. Prof. Victoria Vorobeva, Prof. Dr. Irina Novitskaya

ABSTRACT

The article presents research outcomes concerning functional peculiarities of the verb tăjtɨ/täjtɨ ‘have’ in the northern Khanty dialects: Kazym, Shuryshkar and Priural (Obdorsk). Data for analysis – 88 texts totaling in 7046 sentences – have been elicited mainly from the text corpus of Western Khanty dialects edited by E. V. Kashkin (2012–2014), electronic publication available at https://osf.io/uraqx/files/ and from the corpus by I. N. Nikolaeva [1], electronic publication available at http://larkpie.net/siberianlanguages/northern-khanty. Besides, some elicitations were obtained from I. M. Moldanova, a native speaker of the Kazym dialect. The present study is conducted within the methodology of the functional theory of grammar.
The verb tăjtɨ/täjtɨ ‘have’ is a bivalent verb, its subject is the possessor and its direct object is the possessed. According to L. Stassen’s classification of the predicative strategies used to encode possession [2], the have-verb constructs a transitive possessive strategy. This strategy is the most common in the Northern Khanty. While encoding possession, the transitive have-verb is used only in the subject conjugation since it presents the possessive relation as a state. Our study of the northern dialects language data shows that the verb tăjtɨ/täjtɨ ‘have’ can also take forms of the objective conjugation and passive voice. In the forms of the objective conjugation and passive voice tăjtɨ/täjtɨ can be used independently or as a part of an analytical construction, wherein its possessive semantics can be lost partially or fully. Being used as an independent unit, the verb tăjtɨ/täjtɨ conveys an idea of keeping, wearing, holding, etc. The analytical construction consists of the verb tăjtɨ/täjtɨ in the forms of the objective conjugation or passive voice and a converb marked by the suffix -man. Translations of this construction into Russian and English languages show that the converb functions a notional element, while tăjtɨ/täjtɨ, as a part of this analytical construction, is used like an auxiliary verb. In the analyzed data, 31 occurrences of the analytical constructions with the verb tăjtɨ/täjtɨ were found and 55 occurrences of this verb in the independent use.

KEYWORDS

Khanty language, northern dialects, have-verb

REFERENCE

NORDSCI Conference Proceedings 2018 Book 1, Conference Proceedings, ISSN 2603-4107, ISBN 978-619-7495-00-3, FUNCTIONAL PECULIARITIES OF THE VERB TĂJTƗ/TÄJTƗ ‘HAVE’ IN NORTHERN KHANTY DIALECTS (KAZYM, SHURYSHKAR AND PRIURAL), 261-269 pp, DOI paper 10.32008/nordsci2018/B1/V1/30