NORDSCI Conference proceedings 2022, Book 1

Sociology and Healthcare

FEAR OF FALLING AMONG THE ELDERLY IN THE COMMUNITY FROM THE VIEWPOINT OF FALL HISTORY

Dr. Nikoleta Poliaková, PhD, MSN. Michaela Bobkowska, PhD, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Iveta Matišáková, PhD, Dr. Vladimír Meluš, PhD MPH

ABSTRACT

Fear of falling in the elderly can be determined by a variety of factors. Several studies confirm that female gender, depression, comorbidities and worse physical performance are significant predictors of fear of falling. Research studies do not give a definitive answer to the relationship between fear of falling and past history of falling. The objective of our study was to determine if there was a significant association between a history of falls in the past 12 months and fear of falling in the elderly. Data were collected by Slovak version of Fear of Falling Scale among community dwelling elderly. At the same time, self-constructed questions were used to ascertain the history of falls in the previous year, the frequency of falls and their impact on health. A cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 292 seniors. Non-parametric tests were used to explore relation between Fear of Falling, the history of falls in the previous year and frequency of falling. There was a significant difference between the history of falls in the last year and the fear of falling (p<0.001). A low positive correlation (R=0.36) was found between fall frequency and fear of falling. Assessment of fear of falling should be part of the nursing assessment of seniors, especially when a history of falls is identified. The Fall Efficacy Scale is a valid measurement tool for measuring fear of falling.

KEYWORDS

Fear of falling, older adults, fall history

REFERENCE

NORDSCI Conference proceedings 2022, Book 1,Volume 5, ISSN 2603-4107, ISBN 978-619-7495-27-0, DOI paper 10.32008/NORDSCI2022/B1/V5/12, Pages 133 - 140 pp