NORDSCI Conference proceedings 2019, Book 2

Law

ERA OF DIGITIZATION: RE-DESIGNING PRIVACY PROTECTION IN HEALTH CARE

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Olga Sovova, Ph. D.

ABSTRACT

The paper examines the issue arising when delivering healthcare in the modern information society. Throughout the past decade, the Internet has seen a significant rise of the "Web 2.0" trend, which carried on its wings a health industry trend often referred to as "Health 2.0" or "Medicine 2.0". More recently, we have also witnessed the crowning of concepts such as Health Social Media, eHealth and mHealth. European Union as well as the national states develop strategies implementing new technologies for personal and medical data sharing, including the prescription of medicals as well as their validation through websites. Healthcare data privacy and security is one of the top challenges, healthcare providers face. The huge amount of data the medical care generates holds potential for researchers, providers, pharmaceutical companies as well as for doctors, who can use it to improve care or find new treatments and insights into disease. The key issue to examine is how to balance the competing interests of privacy and data-sharing and not exclude the patient as a holder and owner of the information. The paper addresses the issue of privacy protection in digitized healthcare, using the analysis of the legislation and case-law of the Czech Republic, stressing the demands for human rights and privacy protection of a member state of the European Union. The paper introduces several proposals for providers on how to re-design digital healthcare with respect to laws and patients´ rights. The paper concludes that even modern and digitized medicine is based not only on evidence and modern technologies but also on human interaction and face-to-face approach and trust between the doctor and patient.

KEYWORDS

human rights, privacy protection, health care, data-sharing, digitization

REFERENCE

NORDSCI Conference Proceedings 2019, Book 2, Conference Proceedings, ISSN 2603-4107, ISBN 978-619-7495-06-5, ERA OF DIGITIZATION: RE-DESIGNING PRIVACY PROTECTION IN HEALTH CARE, 249-256 pp, DOI paper 10.32008/nordsci2019/b2/v2/31