NORDSCI Conference proceedings 2020, Book 2

Political Science

COMPETITION FOR EAST ASIA – BALANCING STRATEGIES OF THE USA AGAINST CHINA

Attila Mezei, Ph.D. Student

ABSTRACT

China has been a rising power in East Asia for decades. The end of the Cold War and the increasing effects of globalization brought the country in the forefront of attention on the international scene. The economic importance of the East Asian giant cannot be denied. Its economic power has been translating into a powerful tool to upset the balance of power tremendously. China has been expanding its influence around the globe and challenging the status quo more than ever before.
The United States, the strongest state in the current international system has to pay attention to the increasingly assertive China. The USA uses several strategies to mitigate the threat China poses to the world order that the USA built. The structural forces of the international system, the Covid-19 pandemic, and American domestic politics make the threat of rising China more challenging.
In my paper, I try to identify the balancing strategies of the United States in the 21st century against China. In my opinion, the application of neoclassical realist school of international relations can foreshadow the possible paths of the conflict. The United States of America has to use a wide variety of balancing strategies in order to counter the threat.
A heavier reliance on allies is inevitable for the United States if it wants to contain the increasing influence of China around the globe. The USA should increase its hard-, soft-, and asymmetrical balancing methods mixed with smart power strategies to remain on the top of the international system.
In my opinion, the showdown between China and the United States of America will be inevitable in the medium term. If the USA uses its position right, the peaceful containment of Chinese ambitions is possible. The successes of the above-mentioned strategies will decide how the competition of these two countries shapes international relations in the coming decades.

KEYWORDS

balance of power, world order, neorealism, neoclassical realism, international relations

REFERENCE

NORDSCI International Conferece 2020, Book 2, Conference Proceedings, ISSN 2603-4107, ISBN 978-619-7495-14-0, COMPETITION FOR EAST ASIA – BALANCING STRATEGIES OF THE USA AGAINST CHINA, 121-130 pp, DOI paper 10.32008/NORDSCI2020/B2/V3/12